The tank container was first introduced for use in America in the middle of the twentieth century. The idea of containerization and global intermodal cargo transportation in large containers was created by an American, Malkom Macklin. This container became particularly popular in maritime transport due to its mobility and versatility. It was no longer necessary to transfer the cargo from one tank to another, as the cistern covered the entire transportation cycle (loading-transport-unloading). The use of this product made it possible to reduce the number of personnel at all stages and speed up the processes by several times. For example, if earlier the procedure of unloading and reloading the vessel took up to ten days, now it took one or two days to complete the process.
By 1960, the interest of the global transportation industry in tank containers had increased to such an extent that an ISO-frame was created to standardize equipment, and companies started creating models for various purposes and of various shapes. The most popular was a cylindrical shaped cistern on the ISO-frame, which was designed to transport various goods: from food to poisonous and flammable products. However, an integrated, standardized container transportation system was created by Malcolm MacLean, and not only the containers were patented and standardized, but also road and sea transport intended for their transportation.
Today, many world-famous manufacturers produce functional, reliable and high-quality tank containers, not only complying with all standards, but also allowing transporting a wide variety of cargoes.